The National Measurement Institute (NMI), is a division of the Department of Industry, Science and Resources and was established in that form through the National Measurement Act 1960. NMI is Australia's peak measurement body, providing Australia's core metrology (measurement science) infrastructure and expertise across biological, chemical, legal, physical and trade measurement. NMI maintains, develops and disseminates measurement standards including reference materials and methods; maintains the legislation and associated regulatory functions and processes that enable measurement to be used and accepted for legal purposes in Australia; and provides a range of measurement services, capabilities and expertise to assist in the correct use of measurement throughout the economy and society. Since 2010, NMI's legal metrology work has been extended to include administration of the national trade measurement (NTM) system, which is aimed at assuring that transactions based on measurement are fair and accurate, whether they be business-to-business or business-to-consumer transactions.
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